Our Public Health SA

A Repository of Information

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Epidemiology

Infographics, Video clips and Pecha Kuchas

Incorporating tools like video clips, pecha kuchas (what???) as well as information graphics (“infographics”) to one’s teaching can enhance student engagement; allow them to learn a new skill and flex their creative muscles.

Third year medical students in a cardiovascular block had to develop one of these tools based on a condition, symptom/sign, risk factor related to the content of the block. Explicit instructions were provided on the university portal:

 

Welcome to SMO 311! This SMO will run in conjunction with Block 6.

Brief: During Block 6, you will be exposed to conditions such as HT, coronary disease and peripheral vascular disease with their associated clinical symptoms and signs and physiological processes.

Being able to apply an epidemiological and population-based perspective to clinical conditions is a useful skill that ultimately facilitates an enhanced understanding and holistic management of the condition/s.

Learning outcomes (3rd year medical students should be able to…):

  • Apply an epidemiological approach to the conditions and processes taught in Block 6
  • Apply a creative problem-solving solution in their selected communication strategy
  • Critically appraise the strategies of their peers using criteria such as number of references, visual appeal, strength of evidence etc.

Assignment instructions:

  1. Form a group of maximum 5 members. Method to get into a group:
  • This you will do by enrolling yourself in a group using the Self- enrolment link on the Groups page link (on the left menu).
  • The groups are numbered from self-enrolment 1 to 60. First click on the Self-enrolment link and then select a group by clicking on the sign-up button.
  • Once you have signed up – your group membership cannot be undone. Make sure before you click!
  • Due date: everyone must be in a group by Fri, 15th Jan. Please note: If you have not yet registered, I can still upload your name to the group. Please send an email or pop by my office.
  1. Identify an important condition or sign/symptom or physiological concept related to Block 6 teaching.
  2. Using the following headings as guidelines, develop a communication strategy to UP students and staff:
  • descriptive epidemiology (disease occurrence, mortality/disability/morbidity: who, when, where, by how much) and risk factors (fixed/modifiable); OR
  • descriptive epidemiology (disease occurrence, mortality/disability/morbidity: who, when, where, by how much) and the levels of prevention; OR
  • descriptive epidemiology (disease occurrence, mortality/disability/morbidity: who, when, where, by how much) and new areas of research; OR

the Liverpool 7 pointers (listed below)

  1. What public health issues are raised by this problem?
  2. How does this problem affect the population (who, when, where, by how much and why)?

iii.      What are the health needs of the population in relation to this problem?

  1. How can the burden of this problem be reduced?
  2. How should health (and other) services be organized and delivered to address this problem?
  3. What are the main research and development issues raised by the problem?

vii.    What are the main public health policy implications of this problem?

Output as a group: In a nutshell, you will choose a method (infographic/video clip/Pecha Kucha), compile an evidence-based message based on Block 6 content, submit it as a group and rate other group's contributions!

  1. Choose a method and compile your message
  • Option A: develop an infographic (free websites available; require Wi-Fi). A reference list of at least 4 references with a minimum of 2 journal articles in Vancouver format must also be included. For more information and examples go to the infographic link (on the menu left).
  • Option B: develop a video clip (about 3-5 min) to upload to YouTube. For more information, go to the video clip tab (on the menu left). A reference list of at least 4 references with a minimum of 2 journal articles in Vancouver format must also be included.
  • NEW Option C: develop a Pecha Kucha (20 slides; 20 sec per slide) with narration per slide. For more information, go to the Pecha Kucha tab (on the menu left). One slide must contain the reference list.
  1. Submit. One person from the group will upload the:
  • infographic, Pecha Kucha or link to YouTube PLUS
  • the reference list (if not on the material) PLUS
  • a short description to a discussion board in the discussion thread for the group

Due date: by Wed, 27th Jan (midnight).

      ** All the uploads will be made visible by the Fri; a zip folder with the uploads will be provided that will also assist with your revision.

  1. Rate other groups' contributions
  • Per group, select 10 of the best communication strategies in the discussion forum.
  • Go to Rate the groups link (on the menu left)
  • Indicate the 10 best contributions in your preferred order from 1 to 10 (where 1 is the best!)
  • Due date: by Tues, 2nd Feb (midnight).

Assessment: You will promote SMO 311 if you fulfil ALL of the following criteria. NB! Any direct copying of the 2015 outputs will be detected and the entire group will not promote!

  • As a group, you identify a relevant or interesting Block 6 condition/symptom/sign/process and create an appropriate, appealing infographic/video clip/Pecha Kucha that demonstrates evidence-based content;
  • It is uploaded by 1 group member to the discussion forum with a reference list (minimum 4 references with 2 being from journal articles) in Vancouver format;
  • The upload is submitted by 27th Jan;
  • Groups have chosen 10 of their best from the class by 2nd Feb according to a few criteria

 

Infographics

  1. What is an infographic?

Refer to the following links for more information:

  1. How does one create an infographic?

To create an infographic, there are a number of tools that you may use:

  1. Other useful links

 

Video Clips

Video clips that demonstrate epidemiological principles can be sourced from a variety of websites YouTube, TED Talks etc. The following are tips to download the clips. Please remember that responsible referencing is important!

  1. Copy the URL of the clip
  2. Go to http://www.clipconverter.cc/
  3. Paste your URL into the black bar ("Media URL to Download") and click "Continue"
  4. Under "Detected media", select  "Standard quality", then click "Start"
  5. Next, click "Download"
  6. Another tab or pop-up window may open (on the Lotto etc.), ignore and close these.
    Click "Download" again if no success, or click on alternate link as indicated.
  7. Once download is completed, your video is saved in the “Downloads” folder on your PC and can be inserted into presentations and formatted (e.g. trimmed to specific section etc.)
  8. Provide website/URL in your references or on the slide

Students were given the option of creating their own videos with the following instructions:

  1. The content (incl reference list) must still be addressed as for an infographic;
  2. Please do not use patients, members of the public or anyone other than yourselves;
  3. It must be appropriate and non-offensive;
  4. The clip must be 3 to 5 minutes;
  5. Save it in an MP4 format;
  6. One group member must upload it to their YouTube account and make the link visible in clickUP (UP’s online platform). Refer to the attachment.
  7. Please note: though this step sheet uses the clickUP assignment to paste the link - you will, in the SMO 311 module paste the link in the discussion thread for the particular group - and provide a title and brief description about the video as well;
  8. Do not forget the reference list!

Upload videos in YouTube and linking it in a clickUP assignment


The links to the video clips as well as a few examples of the 2015-16 University of Pretoria 3rd year MBChB classes are available below:

 Examples of Videos on YouTube

 

Video clips and Prezi links

  • Group 13: STEMI https://prezi.com/em_ekxnajjua/stemi/
  • Group 10: HT http://prezi.com/zgfl9goem9ax/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
  • Group 22: We made a video on heart failure discussing the disease, the epidemiology, as well as primary and secondary prevention. We combined some self-made hyperlapse videos with computer templates for making films for an interesting visual experience. Also, our references are included in the video. https://youtu.be/7nJB_oLrMdU
  • Group 24: This is our Prezi presentation on Hypertension’s descriptive epidemiology, prevention and public health policies in place. 
    https://prezi.com/view/lJfEApXATC8rb1gLXQw4/
  • Group 68: We designed and made a user-friendly, informative yet as simplified as possible Prezi on Ischaemic Heart Disease (ISH). It is aimed at both the layman and our colleagues in the medical field. We hope it also brings awareness to those with potential risk factors, so that they make act early in a preventative manner or use effective management strategies.
    http://prezi.com/wljg-ktsoui-/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
  • Group 72: This video is a parody of a 1950s PDA educating you about CVDs. It includes statistics from reference journals and mentions burden of disease, risk factors of the diseases, levels of prevention and how public health plays a role.
    https://youtu.be/qEb3s4LD7eM
  • Group 76: Breaking news: Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome! The new hot topic, causing sudden death and leaving cardiologist puzzled by its Delta-waves. Don't understand the headline? Don't worry our Prezi will quickly bring you up to date with the most important concepts of the rare Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome. Here is the link to our Prezi:
    http://prezi.com/lxscsjxnopbb/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy

 

Pecha Kucha

"PechaKucha or Pecha Kucha (Japanese: ペチャクチャ, IPA: [petɕa ku͍̥tɕa],[1] chit-chat) is a presentation style in which 20 slides are shown for 20 seconds each (6 minutes and 40 seconds in total). The format, which keeps presentations concise and fast-paced, powers multiple-speaker events called PechaKucha Nights (PKNs). PechaKucha Night was devised in February 2003 by Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham of Tokyo's Klein-Dytham Architecture (KDa), as a way to attract people to SuperDeluxe, their experimental event space in Roppongi, and to allow young designers to meet, show their work, and exchange ideas." (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PechaKucha)

Please watch the link to understand what a Pecha Kucha is:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32WEzM3LFhw
 
The following link also demonstrates how to do it using PowerPoint:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YGVCKCn6jBc
 
The Pecha Kuchas of the 2016  University of Pretoria 3rd year MBChB class are available below: